Causes of Acute Renal Failure in Cats
- Acute renal failure in cats is a sudden decline in the functioning of the kidneys.
- It can be brought on by poisoning from chemicals like antifreeze or by plants like lilies.
- Other causes of acute renal failure are cancers, infections, blockage or dehydration.
Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure in Cats
- Excessive thirst and passing of urine is evident.
- There may be a blockage of the kidneys with stones or calcified matter.
- Loss of appetite and progressive weight loss is seen in this kidney dysfunction. There may be nausea and upset stomach.
- Your cat may be weak and lethargic. You may notice some depression in your cat with kidney problems. He may withdraw and isolate himself. Also read kidney problems in dogs
- With kidney difficulties your cat may seem uncoordinated and have bad breath.
- High blood pressure is a symptom of acute kidney problems.
Treatment of Acute Renal Failure in Cats
- Urine testing should be done to see how concentrated the urine is and to check for infection processes that may be going on.
- If there is a blockage with stones, surgery may be a necessity.
- As a treatment of acute renal failure in cats the diet should be switched to low protein, low phosphorus.
- Cats need some protein every day. Just limit the protein because the body can’t excrete the toxins of too much protein with failing kidneys.
- You do not want urea to build up and make conditions more difficult.
- Anti nausea and antacids may be given to relieve gastrointestinal discomfort.
- Fluids will be given subcutaneously in an effort to prevent the complications of dehydration.
- Anti hypertensives are given to keep the blood pressure within normal parameters.
- In cases of poisoning or drug toxicity in particular, emergency treatment is necessary to avoid total shut down of the kidneys. Activated charcoal may be given and dialysis may be necessary.