Nasal Congestion in Cats
This condition can be identified with the following symptoms:
- Nasal discharge/dripping nose
- Breathing heavily
- Frequent swallowing
- Cats will be rubbing its nose even if it causes bleeding
- Bad breath
- A swell located on the bridge of the nose
- Weight loss, depression and becoming lethargic are observed if symptoms are left unmanaged. Weight loss here is caused by the cat’s difficulty in eating since it cannot smell its food.
Chronic Nasal Congestion in Cats Causes
Chronic nasal congestion in cats usually involves its upper respiratory tract and is caused by several factors.
- Allergies. Food is often the cause of these allergies
- Injuries. This is the cause of nasal congestion when blood is observed together with the nasal discharge. Immediate treatment is usually recommended when the symptom is observed.
- Bacterial infection. Can be identified when the discharge has a thick consistency and is cloudy
- Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus (FVR) and Feline Calici Virus (FCV). FVR is a highly contagious airborne herpes virus that can affect a cat for the rest of its life. FCV on the other hand can be carried by the cat for months or even years and can be contacted by direct contact. Although these two can cause serious harm, a vaccine has been created to prevent cats from contacting it. Vaccine shots in adults are done every three years to ensure optimum protection.
- Mycoplasma and Bordetella virus
- Nasal Cancer
- Inflammatory polyps. A cat that has these polyps sneezes violently and a huge amount of mucous is produced.
How to Treat Nasal Congestion in Cats
Whether the cause of the nasal congestion is minor or not, it is always wise to go to the vet for the proper treatment to prevent complications that can lead to death.
- For those that are caused by allergens, the vet will give prescriptions and things to be done to treat the allergy and the congestion will stop
- Surgery can be done for those that have injuries and polyps
- Interferon is a drug that can be administered to those congestions that are caused by viral infections. But there are viral infections that do not have any treatment like the Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus and the Feline Calici Virus,
- Radiation and chemotherapy are used for nasal cancer
- Antibiotics for those that are caused by bacterial infection. This may take a while since the structure of the sinuses and nasal passageway of cats are very complex and provides a good hiding place for bacteria.