Feline Aortic Thromboembolism (FATE) is a disease in cats that is common associated with an underlying heart condition.
Cat Aortic Thromboembolism FAQS
- 99% of the time it occurs as a secondary complication for an underlying cardiac condition (heart enlargement)
- It is usually a secondary condition to feline cardiomyopathy
- It is a clotting problem that usually occurs in the hind legs
- The symptoms of Aortic Thrombosis in Cats is usually acute
- It is very painful and may cause temporary paralysis
- The condition occurs because cats with cardiomyopathy will have a decrease follow of blood return to the heart.
- It results of stagnation of blood, especially in the hind limbs.
- Slowed blood flow increases risks of clotting
- Blood clots usually get stuck in the caudal aorta and blocking blood flow the legs
- If blood clot occurs in the renal arteries, it can lead to renal failure, it leads to seizures if it happens in the cerebral arteries
Aortic Thrombosis Symptoms
- Loud vocalization – Associated with pain
- Uncoordinated movements
- Unwillingness to move
- Paralysis of the hind legs
- Cyanosis of footpads on hind legs
- Hind legs cool to the touch
- Bradycardia – Slow heart rate
Treatment of Aortic Thrombosis
- Cage rest – helps relieve stress
- Analgesic treatment – helps relieve pain
- Anticoagulant treatment – helps to dissolve the blood clot causing the blockage
- Congestive Heart Failure Management
- Nutritional support – for anorexic cats
- Fluid Therapy – for dehydrated cats
- Prophylaxis – Given to cats with clotting problems and with cardiomyopathy
Prognosis for Aortic Thromboembolism
- In general, 1/3 of cats will survive the condition. The other 2/3 will either be euthanized or will die from the condition.
- Indicators of poor prognosis – bradycardia and hypothermia