Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrine disorder that affects cats. This is a condition that is caused by an insufficient production of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, or an inadequate response of the body’s cells to insulin. Diabetes Mellitus is often managed by the administration of oral hypoglycemic or insulin. Cats receiving insulin are prone to experiencing insulin overdose.
Insulin Overdose in Cats
- An overdose in insulin causes low blood sugar or hypoglycemia.
- Hypoglycemia is a life threatening condition, but if left untreated, it can result in death.
- Hypoglycemia is also a condition that progresses very rapidly if not managed immediately.
- Cats with constantly elevated blood sugar levels may require higher doses of insulin. These cats must be paid special attention as they are at risk for developing insulin overdose.
- Read feline distemper symptoms
Signs of Insulin Overdose in Cats
- Weakening of the body
- Listlessness or restlessness
- Incoordination of motor movements
- Convulsions or seizures
Side Effects of Too Much Insulin in Cats
- When a cat receives too much insulin it develops hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.
- This is the most common side effect when administering too much insulin.
- Hypoglycemia also occurs when the cat receives insulin injection yet misses a feeding.
- Pet owners shouldn’t be alarmed when this happens and should stay focused for the sake of the cat as the condition can progress very rapidly.
- When the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia are observed, the pet owner should administer a small amount of Karo syrup and rubbed on the gums or administered via syringe into the cat’s mouth.
- The cat should then be brought immediately to the veterinarian for further management and care.
Humans aren’t the only ones that can suffer from Diabetes, dogs can as well. Diabetes in dogs is a condition that needs the utmost of care because it can be a life-threatening disease. There are two types, Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus, and dogs can develop either one. Early diagnosis and proper management of the disease is important in saving the dog’s health.
What causes Diabetes in Canines
- Heredity is the one of the main reasons why dogs develop Diabetes. One way to prevent acquiring dogs with the possibility of developing Diabetes is to check the dog’s breeding history, whether its parents have a history of Diabetes.
- Also read the home remedies back aches in canines
- The presence of infectious diseases and viruses may trigger the onset of Diabetes, especially diseases that affect the pancreas and its ability to produce the hormone insulin.
- Also read side effects of insulin injection
- Dogs that are regularly injected with steroids also have a higher chance of developing Diabetes because of how the drug affects the normal functions of the pancreas.
- Also read signs and side effects of too much insulin
Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs
- When spotted earlier, the symptoms of Diabetes can be reversed. However, if discovered too late, it may be harder to treat and control the condition.
- Also read treatments for hypoglycemia
- Dog owners must look out for signs that suggest the development of Diabetes including lethargy, excessive water consumption, increased urination, and unexplained weight gain or weight loss.
- Some dogs may not show signs of Diabetes until the disease is in its advanced stage. For this reason, it is advisable that dog owners submit their dogs for regular check-ups to the veterinarian.
Treatment of Diabetes in Dog
- Treatment for diabetes when it comes to dogs starts by observing the right diet. The owner is advised to feed his or her dog with low fat and low sugar meals. The vet will be able to provide a list of foods that the dog isn’t allowed to eat.
- In some cases, the administration of Insulin may be required. There are different types of Insulin and the vet is the right person to determine which Insulin is best to use for the particular case of the dog.
- Insulin shots may be given once or even twice daily depending on the dog’s sugar levels.
- The owner is advised to learn how to monitor blood sugar levels on a regular basis with a blood sugar monitoring device.
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus in dogs is an illness, some of the most common symptoms are frequent urination and drinking of water. It is very important for every pet owner to watch their dogs activity carefully otherwise it may be too late.
Canine Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Pet owners must be aware of the following facts about this sneaky disease:
- This condition is caused by the kidneys failing to work properly as they poorly respond to the antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
- Canines fail to retain the ideal water balance in the body.
- If pet owners fail to recognize that there is something wrong in pets that have this illness, the dog may develop dehydration, which may then lead to a stupor or a coma and eventually, death.
- Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is one of two types of Canine Diabetes Insipidus. The other type is called Central Diabetes Insipidus, which involves the insufficient production of the antidiuetic hormone (ADH).
Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms that are common to both two types of diabetes insipidus consists of the following:
- Excessive drinking of liquids;
- Frequent urination;
- Dehydration; and
- Drastic weight loss.
In treating this condition, the vet may prescribe the following medications:
- thiazide diuretics, which help the kidneys function normally; and
- chloropropamide, which promotes kidney responsiveness to the aintidiuretic hormone (ADH).
It must be noted however, that diabetes insipidus in dogs is actually an incurable condition. It is permanent, but it may be managed effectively with careful monitoring and proper care by the pet owner.
This condition is considered by animal doctors and dog lovers as the ‘other diabetes,’ the most destructive form of diabetic illness because of its undetectability. Canine pets may also develop diabetes mellitus, a condition which results to the failure of the canine’s pancreas to process fats, proteins and sugars.
The problem lies in the diluted urine of the dog caused by an imbalance in the antidiuretic hormone of the body. It is highly treatable during the early stage and the prognosis is good with early treatment.
Types of Diabetes Insipidus
- Central Diabetes Insipidus ??” characterized by the insufficiency of antidiuretic hormones in the body, which may be due to a trauma or congenital defect
- Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus ??” occurs when the kidneys are unresponsive to the antidiuretic hormones that can be caused by medications or metabolic problems.
Diabetes Insipidus In Dogs Symptoms
- Because the dog consumes too much water, it tends to urinate more frequently.
- Excessive drinking usually refers to more than 100ml of liquids on a daily basis. This should already raise concerns.
- Signs in electrolyte imbalance manifest through drowsiness, lethargy, restlessness, rapid heartbeat and stomach upset.
- Sunken eyes, thick salivation and loss of elasticity of the skin show dehydration symptoms.
Diabetes Insipidus In Dogs Treatment
- Medications that mimic the properties of the antidiuretic hormone can treat the imbalance in the system. Formulations vary, including nasal spray, tablets and injectibles.
- For dogs that have difficulty processing the hormones from the pituitary glands, a special drug can help make the urine more concentrated.
- Preference of not going medicines will suffice as treatment, provided that the dog has unlimited supply of water to drink.