- Concussion varies according to its severity, which in turn is determined by the length of time that the dog has been knocked out.
- A mild concussion may occur after only short moments of unconsciousness.
- Severe concussions occur when the dog has passed out for a day or two or even longer.
- Concussions that result in inflammation of sensitive tissues in the brains and internal bleeding will cause millions of neurons or brain cells to die.
- Dogs with concussions need immediate medical attention.
- Factors such as the dog’s age and overall physical condition of animals influence the presence of any long-term effects in dogs.
A trauma in the head of the dog can cause the swelling of the brain and internal bleeding from the blood vessels. Such characteristics may render the dog having permanent or temporary brain damage. A few symptoms of concussion are the following:
- Nausea or vomiting. A dog with concussion may also have illness in its stomach. It is unable to keep food or water down. If the dog continues to be in this state and will not respond to any nourishment, immediate medical attention is needed.
- Dilation of the eyes. The eyes or pupils of the dogs may look dilated even in low lighting conditions. The eyes may also show erratic or unusual movement.
- Weakened condition.
- Disorientation or lack of coordination in movement.
- When a dog is diagnosed to have a concussion and proper treatment is given, its recovery may vary according to the severity of concussion.
- If however, the dog does not seem to respond to treatment, the veterinarian may suggest for admission into the clinic for a closer observation.
- Mild concussion with proper treatment will have a day of recovery. If the puppy or dog has been admitted to a clinic for treatment, it can be discharged after a day or two.
- Severe concussion may cause some temporary or permanent damage to the dog’s brain. The recovery of motor skills will take longer such as three or six weeks.
- Treatments of concussion in dogs may range from medical procedures to prescription of medicines. These treatments are aimed toward mitigating the pressure in the brain.
- If pressure does not lower after administration of some antibiotics, surgery may be initiated to relieve the pressure buildup.
- After the surgery, the dog should be given plenty of time to rest and recover.
- It should not be left unattended at home or unleashed outside the home during this remedial period.