Discovering that one’s pet canine has its dog glands swollen is indeed alarming, but before pet owners get frantic, they must know that there are many causes why the lymph nodes of dogs become inflamed. This condition is called Lymphadenopathy.
Symptoms Accompanying Lymphadenopathy
One’s pet dog may exhibit the following signs while it is suffering from Lymphadenopathy:
- Sore throat;
- Drooling; and
- Loss of appetite.
Causes and Treatment
The inflammation of dog glands in neck may be rooted in the following ailments:
- Hyperplasia. The over-production of white blood cells prompts the development of this condition. This occurs when the lymph nodes respond to the entry of an infectious agent into the system.
- Fungal infection. Primarily affecting the skin, this condition may be contracted from the ground, from hay and other plants. It may also affect the pet’s lungs, brain and bones.
- Bacterial infection.
- Parasite or bug infection such as Rickettsia or Bartonella spp.
- Mycobacterial infection.
- Autoimmune diseases.
Treatment of inflamed lymph nodes depends on the underlying cause. Once the doctor determines the cause of swollen glands, the appropriate and accurate treatment method may be applied. Usually, antibacterial or antifungal medications are prescribed by vets to manage swollen glands in canines.
Pet owners must be aware that this canine condition is zoonotic, which means the infection may spread to humans. It is important to ask the vet about what measures to take so that pet owners would not get contaminated with such a disease.