- Many causes of meningitis in dogs are due to secondary complications of diseases that begin somewhere in the body. These complications are due to viruses, protozoans, bacteria, fungus, and parasites.
- Basically, the agent can be anything that triggers an inflammation in a certain dog.
- One common incidence is when a bite wound on the head and neck becomes contaminated with bacteria which will migrate into the brain by way of sinuses, middle ears, and nasal passages.
- Also meningitis can be aseptic. This means that the condition is caused by a non-bacterial illness in which the origin remains unknown.
- Aseptic meningitis is more common in litters and large-breed dogs from 4 to 24 month old.
- When a dog is diagnosed with meningitis, treatment Lethargy
- Stiffness in leg muscles. This stiffness will also result in bending of the dog’s legs
- Back spasms should be taken seriously.
Meningitis can be acute or chronic and usually affects young adults. The condition is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Having stiff neck
- Hyper-reactivity to touch or small sound
- Decreased or low level of mobility because of stiffness
- Poor appetite
- Problems in coordination such as ataxia or the inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements, staggering gait, or unstable motion. It can also result in stumbling while walking and their legs spread out.
Severe meningitis in dogs may result also in other conditions or symptoms:
- Great depression
Contrary to what many have feared, dog meningitis is not contagious to humans. More importantly, the bacteria, parasites, viruses, protozoas, and funguses that cause such condition do not transmit to human. Likewise, the causative agents of meningitis in humans are not contagious to dogs and other pets.
Dog Meningitis Treatment
There are a few types of meningitis in dogs and treatment varies accordingly. One of the most common meningitis is the steroid-responsive meningitis. Another type is bacterial meningitis, which is hard to cure. It also requires high doses of antibiotics to eradicate the cause of the condition.
Before treatment can be started, a diagnosis must be first established by conducting any or all of the following tests:
- Physical and neurological examination
- Laboratory tests
- Spinal fluid analysis
- CT scans
In the course of treatments, the following are included:
- Steroid medications
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Anti-seizure medications