Cerumen or ear wax is normally produced in the ears. The thick and waxy substance is a form of defense against small foreign bodies that may enter ear canal. Some studies have shown that canine earwax has certain antimicrobial properties that keep ear infections controlled.
Long and floppy-eared dogs are susceptible to developing increased amounts of earwax. Regular cleaning can help keep the amount controlled. When cleaning a dog’s ears it is important not to over clean because that can also lead to problems.
Excessive Earwax in Dogs
In some instances, the amount of earwax in a dog’s ear can become excessive. Long eared dogs and those who have floppy ears are prone to an increased wax buildup.
In some cases, the excessive wax buildup may be pathologic. It may be due to some problem with the outer ear, or middle ear. If a problem is suspected, it is important to go to the vet to have it checked.
Some of the possible causes of excessive ear wax in dogs include the following.
- Infections. It can be viral, fungal, or bacterial in nature. This is usually accompanied by redness and other signs of an infection.
- Yeast infections. This is common in floppy eared dogs since the moist, dark, and warm environment of the ear is conducive to the overgrowth of yeast.
- Parasites. Ear mites irritate the ears and cause an increase in the production of wax. Getting rid of the mites is necessary because it can lead to other ear problems.
- Ruptured ear drums. This can happen following trauma or as a result of an otitis infection. It characterized by copious amounts of discharge, which can clump up similar to ear wax.
Ear Wax in Dogs Treatment
Vitamin E, Diluted Vinegar, Olive Oil, and Hydrogen Peroxide may be used to clean a dog’s ears. Commercially prepared solutions may also be used.
Ear wax may be removed at the vet or at the groomer’s during regular visits. Owners can also clean their dog’s ears at home. Important points to remember when cleaning a dog’s ear:
- If the dog will not relax for the cleaning process, keep it restrained to avoid any injury.
- Avoid inserting a cue tip into the ear canal as it can puncture the eardrum.
- After pouring the cleaning solution into the ear allow it to settle for a bit. The base of the ear should also be massaged to circulate the solution.
The dog should be allowed to shake out excess solution from the ears. The owners need to wipe excess solution on the pinna.