Bone Marrow Cancer In Dogs: Symptoms & Life Expectancy of Dog In Cancer

Bone marrow cancer in dogs is also called leukemia. This cancer could begin from the bone marrow. It is also possible that other types of cancer have metastasized and reach the bone marrow. Because the bone marrow creates red blood cells, then this cancer affects the blood. This is the reason why when the dog has bone marrow cancer, there is a high likelihood for anemia, infections, and various bleeding disorders.

Types of Bone Marrow Cancer

  • In acute bone marrow cancer, there is a rapid increase in immature blood cells. This is caused by the untimely release of blood cells that are still in the early stages of development. This increase will hinder the production of healthy red blood cells.
  • In chronic bone marrow cancer, there is a buildup of the immature blood cells. This usually affects older dogs.

Bone Marrow Cancer In Dogs Symptoms

Some of the known symptoms for bone marrow cancer include:

  • General malaise;
  • Loss of appetite which could also lead to loss of weight;
  • Lethargy;
  • Pale gums;
  • Vomiting;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Bleeding or bruising with no apparent reason;
  • Lameness;
  • Abnormal behavior;
  • Seizures;
  • Increased thirst and urination.


  • Biochemical profile;
  • Complete blood count;
  • Bone marrow aspirate;
  • Urine analysis; and others.


  • Chemotherapy is the only way to cure this ailment.
  • The dog may be given antibiotics to combat secondary infections.
  • Blood transfusion may be necessary during severe cases, especially when the dog has a very low red blood cell count.
  • Like human patients, dogs also need general supportive care during the ordeal.

Bone Marrow Cancer Life Expectancy

Life expectancy depends on the extent of the cancer. It is difficult to determine without enough data. Some pets only have a few days, months, or just a year. Of course, it is also possible that the pet heals completely and lives longer. Remission also occurs.

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