Discus fish originated from Brazil, in the Amazon River. It is one of the main favorites of fish tank owners, and many consider the discus fish as one of the most eye-catching freshwater species.
Discus Fish Behavior
- Discus fish will prefer live foods, but fish owners can supplement the fish’s diet with vitamin-enriched food.
- If discus is well-cared for, it can have a lifespan of up to ten years.
- Discus tends to stay in the middle portion of the tank.
- Some discus fish are picky with the quality of the water, thus requiring the owner to frequently do a partial water change to reduce fish stress.
Discus Fish Mating Behavior
- Discus fish tend to choose their mates and pair off.
- Female discus reaches sexual maturity at around 12 months old.
- Males can become sexually mature at around 15 months.
- Twitching and shaking are two of the most common behaviors seen before spawning.
- Before and during spawning, the discus will secrete a slimy substance on its body.
- This slimy coating will eventually become the food source for the discus fry.
What Should Fish Owners Do When They Notice Discus Breeding Behavior?
- Fish owners should constantly keep the tank water scrupulously clean.
- The fish owner should provide an area (plants or vertical slats) where the discus can lay its eggs.
- Soft water is ideal for encouraging eggs to hatch; fish owners can add a specific anti-fungal medication during this stage to help prevent fungal attacks on the spawn.
- A wire mesh installed in the breeding tank can help prevent parent discus from eating their initial spawn.
Discus Fish Care
Discuss fishes have a reputation of being hard to care for. With the right environment and care, it can be easy to grow this kind of fish.
- Discus fishes attract many owners because of their colors
- They can easily get sick when the environment they are in is not ideal for their growth
Discus Fish Care Guide
Freshwater Discus Fish Care can be tricky, but when these steps are followed, it can be made easier.
Prep the Tank
- Keep the water in the tank slightly acidic and a bit soft ??” a pH of between 6.0 and 7.5 would do and a hardness of between 5 and 15 is ideal.
- Keep it warm at 86F, no less than 77F
- The water should also be kept slow moving
- Install a Pump or a Circulator that aerates the water
Choose Live Food or Sinking Pellets
- Discus fishes thrive on being fed live food
- Frozen worms may also work for them.
- Sinking pellets are also one of their favorites
Discus Fish Care Tips
- A discus fish should be the biggest fish in the tank that they are in
- Good companions include smaller non-aggressive fish
- Smaller tetras may also be picked as good companions for Discus fish
- Young discus fishes should be fed 3 times a day while adult fishes need to be fed only once
- Since the fishes grow up to 7 inches, they need to have the right size of shelters in the tank where they can rest. Although, the fishes can also be kept in bare tanks, they would best thrive in those that have some places to hide.
- The fishes also need to be kept in a group that is no smaller than 6