Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

November 25, 2010 | Dog Health | Leave a Comment |

Factors of Enlarged Spleen

  • An enlarged spleen is not a disease, rather it is a symptom of an underlying condition
  • The spleen is important in removing old and damaged blood cells from the body
  • The organ also produces red blood cells
  • Antibodies are manufactured in the spleen
  • It Is also known as Splenomegaly
  • It  can treated with drug or surgery.

What Causes Enlarged Spleen in Dogs?

When one of the functions of the spleen is disrupted, the organ can enlarge in an attempt to compensate.

Common causes of splenomegaly include

  • Microbial Infection – Bacteria, Viral, Fungal, or Parasitic Infection can lead to inflammation
  • Diseases that causes the destruction of red and white blood cells
  • Hepatitis
  • Abdominal Injury
  • Tumors
  • Immune Disorders
  • Cancer
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Symptoms of Enlarged Spleen in Dogs

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Anorexia
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Weakness or Collapse
  • Abdominal Bloating – Enlargement may be observed upon veterinary palpation

Treatment for Enlarged Spleen in Dogs

When an enlarged spleen is suspected, it is important to seek immediate medical care. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the condition.

  • Antimicrobial Treatment – Used when the enlargement is caused by an infection
  • Surgery – This is used when splenomegaly is caused by tumors, cancer, or trauma. In some cases, it may be necessary to remove the organ. This is the most common treatment plan for splenomegaly.

Other treatments include:

  • Analgesia – For dogs experiencing pain
  • Antipyretic – For dogs with fever
  • Fluid Therapy – For dehydrated dogs
  • Nutritional Supplementation – For dogs with anorexia or those too weak to eat
  • Cage Rest

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