Insulin is an important hormone produced by the pancreas in the body. Inefficiency of insulin may cause diabetes mellitus. This acts as the chief regulator hormone of the path that dietary carbohydrates and sugars take as they are processed in the body. Aside from oral hypoglycemic, the administration of insulin is required in regulating the blood glucose levels of dogs with diabetes.
Insulin Overdose in Dogs
- Insulin overdose occurs when the dog receives too much insulin than indicated or when the dog receives the indicated insulin yet misses a meal.
- Overdose in insulin can result in lowering of the blood sugar levels than normal which results to a conditional known as hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.
- Also read low blood glucose in canine
- Hypoglycemia is a potentially life threatening condition especially to puppies.
Signs of Insulin Overdose in Dogs
- seizures, convulsions, shivering
- coma, stupor
- lack of or decreased energy, weakness
- head tilting, ataxia
- feeling of hunger
- restlessness, disorientation
Side Effects of Too Much Insulin in Dogs
- The most common side effect of too much insulin in a dog’s body is hypoglycemia or lowered blood sugar.
- When the above mentioned symptoms are observed, dog owners should remain calm, stay focused on providing glucose to the dog, and take the dog to the veterinarian immediately.
- Hypoglycemia is treatable but can progress rapidly.
Before the dog begins to convulse or fall into a coma, dog owners should provide small amounts of ice cream, Karo syrup, or honey on the gums of the dog then take the dog immediately to the vet for further medical management.
Diabetes mellitus also occurs in dogs as in humans. It can occur in two ways, Type I, which refers to pancreatic malfunction to produce insulin, and Type II, which describes the body’s failure to absorb insulin typically common in middle aged to early canines.
Recognizing Symptoms Before Diagnosing Diabetes in Dogs
- The onset of diabetes would include symptoms like frequent drinking of water, frequent urination and loss of weight despite eating too much.
- Advanced stages of diabetes are indicated by loss of appetite, dehydration, vomiting, lethargy and coma.
Risks from Late Diagnosis of Diabetes in Dogs
- If left untreated, the early signs of diabetes can lead to infections of the bladder, skin, kidney or liver.
- Cataracts can also develop and then result to blindness.
- The absence of early treatment might lead to neurological problems as well.
How To Treat Diabetes In Dogs
- Insulin treatment is specific for every diabetic dog, depending on the severity of the pancreatic failure
- .Blood tests are conducted to monitor the efficacy of the insulin dosage.
- Small dogs tend to need insulin injection more frequently than larger dogs. Follow the doctor’s instructions about the proper dosage needed by the dog.
- Dietary changes can complement the insulin treatment. Avoid hyperglycemia by feeding the dog meals rich in fiber and complex carbohydrates, which help minimize fluctuation of blood sugar after eating.
- Supplements can also be given under the guidance of the doctor.
- Exercise complements the treatment period, giving the dog more energy.