Ulcerative Colitis in Dogs: Symptoms and Treatment for UC in Dogs

November 12, 2010 | Dog Health | Leave a Comment |

Ulcerative colitis in dogs is an inflammatory disease of the large intestine that causes its inmost lining to inflame and become ulcerated. It could be caused by ulceration, another disease, reaction to antibiotics, bowel irritation or parasite infestation. It is most commonly observed in certain breeds and in puppies below one year of age.

Ulcerative Colitis in Dogs Symptoms

An owner could tell that his or her pet has ulcerative colitis by observing its stool and demeanor when excreting it. Dogs with this illness have stools that are accompanied by visible blood and mucus.

They also pass stool more frequently but with a lot of strain and have a tendency to display severe urgency to pass stool. Also read treatment of hypoalbuminemia

Other symptoms include:

  • Abdominal bloating and increased intestinal gas.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Intermittent or Continuous Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the joints
  • Skin lesions
  • Weight loss
  • Find more information on major symptoms of colitis in dog

Management of Ulcerative Colitis in Dogs

Ulcerative colitis in dogs may be treated with proper nutrition and medications as recommended by a duly authorized veterinarian practitioner.

  • Feed pets with small, frequent meals instead of a few large ones.
  • Avoid feeding pets with processed foods or foods that are high in preservatives and additives.
  • Don’t feed dogs with foods that contain high levels of fat, dairy and sugar and spicy foods as these could worsen the problem.
  • Introduce portions of foods that are rich in protein and moderate in fiber.
  • Make pets drink water more frequently, preferably clean bottled water, especially those which experience diarrhea since it could cause loss of fluids and electrolytes.
  • Owners should exercise their pets regularly as it aids in better digestion.
  • Supplements may also be given the dog to boost its immune system.
  • The veterinarian could also prescribe medications to alleviate the symptoms of ulcerative colitis like anti-inflammatory drugs (i.e. steroids) for intestinal inflammation, drugs to alleviate diarrhea, and antibiotics.
Related Reading:
Colitis is a tricky medical condition that affects dogs. This disease is referred to as the inflammation of the colon. Colitis is rather commonly treated in dogs and accounts for 50% of dogs with chronic diarrhea. Colitis is tricky because dogs affected with this condition generally look and feel well. However, it is best to stay alert to the signs of colitis in order to provide the appropriate therapy.

Symptoms of Colitis in Dogs

  • The classic and hallmark symptom of dog colitis is chronic diarrhea.
  • Stool of this medical condition often starts out normal and finishes loose.
  • The stool is produced in small sizes and is soft or slimy rather than watery.
  • The stool is often mixed with blood and mucus.
  • Also read hypoallergenic diet for dogs
  • Dogs manifest pain during defecation, prolonged straining, or prolonged squatting.

Causes of Dog Colitis

  • There are two types of dog colitis  chronic and acute.
  • Acute colitis is often caused by something in the diet or dogs that have a nervous disposition.
  • Chronic colitis results from several causes including inflammatory bowel disease, food allergy or food intolerance, parasites and bacteria, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Treatment of Dog Colitis

  • Treatment of colitis depends on the underlying cause.
  • Treatments include fasting for 24-48 hours, the administration of antibiotics, antiparasitics, immunosuppressive medications.
  • Diet for dog colitis depends on the underlying cause. Generally, the dog is started out on a bland diet and steadily introduced back to its normal diet. Colitis caused by allergies or intolerance will be treated with hypoallergenic diet, while colitis caused by irritable bowel syndrome is best treated with a high fiber diet.

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