Causes, Treatment of High and Elevated White Blood Cell Count In Dogs

November 25, 2010 | Dog Health | Leave a Comment |

High white blood cell count in dogs is a common concern for owners who have received blood work results for their dogs.

  • High white blood cell count refers to an elevation from the normal white blood cell range.
  • The elevation is determined with the help of a Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • CBC is the most common blood work done on dogs and it is prescribed when the dogs are suspected to have an infection

What Causes High White Blood Cell Count in Dogs?

Elevated white blood cell count in dogs is usually indicative of the following:

  • Presence of an Infection ??” White blood cells are elevated when the body is fighting off an infection
  • Medications that Can Increase White Blood Cell Count ??” There are certain drugs that can increase the white blood cell production.
  • Bone Marrow Issues ??” Problems with the bone marrow, the place where blood cells are created, can lead to an elevation of the white blood cell count
  • Problems With the Immune System ??” When dogs have an immune disorder, their white blood cell would most likely be elevated. Read treatment of low blood platelet

Specific Causes of an Elevated White Blood Cell Count include

  • Viral infections
  • Allergies
  • Corticosteroid use
  • Leukemia
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Tissue Damage ??” Dogs who have experienced trauma, burns for example, can have elevated white cell counts

Treating High White Blood Cell Count

Since high white blood cell count is not a disease itself but a symptom, treatment would involve taking care of the underlying condition.

Common treatments include:

  • Antimicrobial therapy
  • Antihistamine Therapy
  • Repair of Damaged Tissue
  • Chemotherapy ??” For Leukemia
  • Treatment of Autoimmune Problem

When the cause of the elevation can’t be pointed out, vets may require further blood studies.

Related Reading:

Stem Cell Therapy for Dogs

Stem cell treatment in dogs has received a lot of press, but what is it and how can it be used to help benefit canines and other house pets and domesticate animals?

Current Use of Stem Cell Treatment in Canines

These conditions have been successfully treated with the help stem cell therapy. It has been shown to not only work on dogs, but on cats and horses too.

  • Osteoarthritis ??” This is a degenerative form of arthritis in which the cartilage is being worn down causing pain when walking.
  • Canine Immune Mediated Polyarthritis
  • Tendon and Ligament Problems or Injuries

In addition to the above, there are also some anticipated uses of Stem Cell treatments, these include:

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Immune diseases
  • Systemic Infections
  • Cancer

How Is Stem Cell Therapy Done

The steps of treatment include:

  • Dogs are sedated and fat cell samples are taken from the abdomen
  • Fat cells are sent to the laboratory where stem cells will be isolated
  • The isolated cells are returned to dog owners in syringes that are ready to inject
  • The dog is then treated with a course of injections using the isolated stem cells

What Makes a Dog an Ideal Candidate for Stem Cell Treatment?

Here are some categories that help determine if a dog is a good candidate for stem cell treatment or not.

  • Dogs not tolerating or responding well enough to pain medication
  • Dogs who are not ideal candidates for surgery resulting from issues with age or health
  • Dogs who have arthritis in one or more of its joints
  • Dogs who are likely to need long term pain medication
  • Dogs whose owners prefer not to go for surgery

Stem cell treatments may seem promising, but it can also be very costly with a course of treatment around the thousands.

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