What Are The Causes and Treatment for Cat Vomiting Bile?

Cats that vomit bile or a vomit that takes a greenish yellow color is considered a common problem that is caused by several factors. Most of the time, the causative agents that lead to the condition can easily be treated or would often go away without any kind of intervention. However, there are instances wherein the reasons for the condition involve diseases in major organs of the cat’s body and infections that would need proper medical care.

Cat Vomiting Bile Cause

  • One of the most common causes is swallowing hair or what is medically termed as trichobezoar. This happens when a cat grooms himself.
  • Other objects that are foreign to the cat’s body which lead to irritation of the stomach’s lining can also cause the condition. Examples of these foreign objects include toxic plants and grasses, spoiled food, cleaning agents, lead paints, medications for humans, fertilizes, and anti-freeze.
  • Intestinal parasites. These may also cause irritation in the stomach and leads to vomiting of bile like heartworms.
  • Eating too fast or overeating. This may be encouraged when cats share a bowl for their food.
  • Playing or exercising right away after eating.
  • Infectious diseases caused by viruses and bacteria that target the cat’s digestive system like salmonella and pyometra.
  • Diseases that affect the kidneys and the liver.
  • Diseases of the central nervous system that cause too much intracranial pressure like encephalitis, blood clots, and brain tumors.
  • There are also common diseases that cause the condition. These include sore throat, tonsillitis, acute metritis or an infected uterus, inflammatory bowel disease, and panleukopenia or commonly known as cat distemper and infectious enteritis.
  • Diseases that affect the inner ear which cause loss of balance and incoordination of movements. 

Cat Vomiting Bile Treatment

Treatment generally depends on the causative agents that led to vomiting. Some of the most common treatment measures that are done include the following:

  • Administration of anti-emetic medications which are done through injections.
  • Owners should also make sure that their pets do not eat any other food that can induce more vomiting or worsen the condition.
  • When the foreign objects including parasites and bacteria are out of the cat’s system, owners should prevent the cat from consuming water and food for at least twelve hours. Then an electrolyte solution should be given in small amounts on top of water.
  • If the water and electrolyte solution is well accepted or tolerated, owners can offer four to six small meals per day for at least two days.
  • Owners should feed their pets food that can be easily digested, in small quantities, and make sure that water is readily available. Water helps prevent dehydration. A good meal example includes mashed potatoes or rice with skinless chicken.

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