When dogs are afflicted with a disease or condition, most of them tend to suffer silently. It is only when the condition has become severe will the dog start to show changes.
Swollen Throat in Dogs:
- A “swollen throat” often refers to swollen lymph nodes in the throat.
- Lymph nodes can be located in several areas in the body. This functions to help filter the blood and also stores white blood cells.
- The lymph nodes are also part of the dog’s immune system and these play a role in the dog’s immune system response.
- The function of the lymph nodes makes it easily vulnerable to swelling.
- A swollen throat in dogs can mean many things and can be a symptom for different conditions.
Dog Throat Infection:
- Throat glands swell when a dog has an infection.
- The infection can be anywhere in the dog’s body and not just the throat.
- When the lymph nodes swell because of an infection, this is referred to as “lymphadenitis”.
Dog Throat Irritation:
- Local disturbances or irritation can also cause lymph nodes to swell.
- When the throat becomes irritated because of a dog’s eating habits, the lymph nodes will swell in response.
Dog Throat Lump:
- When a lump is found in the absence of an infection, the lump can be cancerous in nature.
- In this case, the dog has to be examined by a veterinarian to rule out other cases and to arrive at a definite diagnosis.
- A biopsy may also need to be done to help rule out if the lump is benign or malignant.
Causes and Treatment:
- A swollen throat can be caused by many factors: genetics, infection, irritation, and idiopathic or unknown.
- The treatment will highly depend on the correct diagnosis.
- If the swollen gland is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics will be administered.
- It the swollen gland is caused by a fungal infection, antifungals will be administered.
- If the gland is discovered to be a lump, diagnostics will be performed first and then the treatment options discussed.