Dog Throat Swollen: Causes and Treatment of Throat Lump and Irritation

When dogs are afflicted with a disease or condition, most of them tend to suffer silently. It is only when the condition has become severe will the dog start to show changes.

Swollen Throat in Dogs:

  • A “swollen throat” often refers to swollen lymph nodes in the throat.
  • Lymph nodes can be located in several areas in the body. This functions to help filter the blood and also stores white blood cells.
  • The lymph nodes are also part of the dog’s immune system and these play a role in the dog’s immune system response.
  • The function of the lymph nodes makes it easily vulnerable to swelling.
  • A swollen throat in dogs can mean many things and can be a symptom for different conditions.

Dog Throat Infection:

  • Throat glands swell when a dog has an infection.
  • The infection can be anywhere in the dog’s body and not just the throat.
  • When the lymph nodes swell because of an infection, this is referred to as “lymphadenitis”.

Dog Throat Irritation:

  • Local disturbances or irritation can also cause lymph nodes to swell.
  • When the throat becomes irritated because of a dog’s eating habits, the lymph nodes will swell in response.

Dog Throat Lump:

  • When a lump is found in the absence of an infection, the lump can be cancerous in nature.
  • In this case, the dog has to be examined by a veterinarian to rule out other cases and to arrive at a definite diagnosis.
  • A biopsy may also need to be done to help rule out if the lump is benign or malignant.

Causes and Treatment:

  • A swollen throat can be caused by many factors: genetics, infection, irritation, and idiopathic or unknown.
  • The treatment will highly depend on the correct diagnosis.
  • If the swollen gland is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics will be administered.
  • It the swollen gland is caused by a fungal infection, antifungals will be administered.
  • If the gland is discovered to be a lump, diagnostics will be performed first and then the treatment options discussed.

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