Vitamin D Toxicity in Dogs
Too much of vitamin D in dogs can cause variety of symptoms that owner should know. It is a type of conditions which is also known as hypervitaminosis.
What is Vitamin D?
- It is a water soluble vitamin
- It is also known as cholecalciferol
- It is usually synthesized on the skin
- It may also be found in enriched dog food
- It is necessary for many different processes in the body including calcium absorption
Cause of Overdose Vitamin in Dogs
The most common cause of vitamin d overdose in dogs is through dietary intake.
Owners should pay attention to the vitamin D content of the food that they give their dogs.
What Happens in an Overdose?
- Excessive calcium is reabsorbed into the body from the intestines
- The kidney increase their re-absorption of calcium
- The bones are stimulated to reabsorb calcium
Symptoms of Excessive Vitamin D in Dogs
The symptoms of too much vitamin D in dogs will involve the effects of having too much calcium in the blood. These include:
- Increased Thirst
- Increased Urination an Urine Volume
- Anorexia – lack of appetite
- Bone Pain
- Pain in the abdominal area or back area in relation o the kidneys.
- Hemorrhage in the mucus linings including the lungs and the intestines
Treating Vitamin D Excess in Dog
- Lavage or Gastric Pumping – Performed when the dog has ingested vitamin D supplements
- Activated Charcoal Administration – Helps neutralize the excess calcium in the body
- Fluid therapy
- Administration of Saline Osmotic
- Drug Therapy – Furosemide, Calcitonin, and Prednisone
- Dialysis – Done in severe cases