A fit may be occur rarely in a dog or can occur in succession in several occasions. The cause of fits in dogs is generally unknown but continuous fits can cause brain damage.
Fits in Dogs
- Fits is also known as a seizure.
- Epilepsy is known as a seizure that recurs.
- Status epilepticus is a condition wherein the dog experiences continuous fitting.
Dog Fits Causes
- A fit results from abnormal brain neuron activity.
- The cause may be intracranial or extracranial such as liver failure, poisoning, end-stage kidney failure, and hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.
- Common breeds reported to be susceptible to fits include the Bernese Mountain Dog, Miniature Poodle, German Shepherd, Miniature Schnauzer, St. Bernard, and Keeshond among others.
- Dogs that have experienced fits should not be used for breeding as it has been studied that the condition has a genetic trait.
Fits in Dogs Symptoms
Symptoms usually appear between the ages of 6 months to 3 years. There are four phases to a fit.
- Phase 1 (Prodromal Phase) – the dog manifests abnormal behavior that can last for a few hours.
- Phase 2 (Aura) – a short period wherein the dog manifests unusual behavior. In humans, this is where they can tell they are about to experience a seizure.
- Phase 3 (Ictus or Fit) – this period is characterized by uncontrolled limb movements, hyperextended head, increased salivation, vocalization, chomping of the jaws, loss of bowel and urinary control.
- Phase 4 (Post Ictus) – the dog seems to be disoriented and dazed for several hours after the fit.
Dog Fits Medication
- Dogs that experience fits rarely are not recommended for medication.
- Dogs on medication must be carefully evaluated pre, intra, and post medication.
- Medications used are those that have the ability to control epilepsy such as Phenobarbital, diazepam, and potassium bromide.
- These drugs may be used in combination.
- Dogs on medication should be clearly monitored for development of any side effects.