Low Blood Platelet Count In Dogs(Canine) Causes And Treatment

What is a platelet?

  • Platelets are a component of the blood responsible for blood clotting.
  • When platelet counts drop, the dog may experience clotting problems and may bleed uncontrollably.
  • Normal platelet counts range from 200,000 to 500,000
  • Dogs who have counts of less than 40,000 will be at a risk for spontaneous bleeding

This can indicate a serious condition and it is important to look for its causes and treatment as soon as possible.

What Causes Low Blood Platelet Count in Dogs?

There can be several reasons why a dog’s platelet level drops. These reasons include:

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Other Problems with platelet production in the bone marrow
  • Extreme Blood Loss
  • Increased or premature destruction of platelets in the body, usually caused by diseases (e.g. dengue)

What to Watch Out For?

Low platelet count can be a serious condition for dogs. It is important to look of for the following symptoms:

  • Red spots on the skin of the belly not covered with fur
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Weakness
  • Increased nasal mucus production
  • Bloody urine bloody stool
  • Bruises on the skin

Low Platelet Count in Pet Dogs Symptoms

In severe cases, dogs may also present with:

  • Spontaneous bleeding through the nose or the oral mucosa
  • Syncope (Collapse)

Treatment of Decreased Platelet

  • Platelet transfusion – given in severe cases in order to replenish lost platelet
  • Fluid therapy – for dogs who have lost a lot of blood
  • Cage Rest
  • Nutritional therapy
  • Antipyretic – for dogs with fever

Dogs that have leukemia or lymphoma may also be given treatment to deal with the underlying condition.

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