What Causes Thiamine Deficiency (Vitamin B1)?
- Deficient dietary intake of thiamine
- Eating raw fish – raw fish contains enzymes that impede the absorption of and destroy thiamine into the body. Dogs that commonly eat raw fish are susceptible to this enzyme.
- Eating Raw Meat – Raw Meat is deficient in thiamine and calcium
- Eating over processed food
- Dogs with high amounts of sulfides in their diets – sulfides can impede thiamine absorption
- Chemicals in Commercial Dog Food – There are certain chemical preservatives found in commercial dog food that can interfere with the absorption of thiamine.
Diagnostic Tests For Thiamine Deficiency in Dogs
- Physical exam
- Medical history
- Diet History
- Type of response to thiamine supplementation
- Also read protein deficiency in dogs
Symptoms of Thiamine Deficiency
- Muscle Weakness
- Wobbly Walking (Ataxia)
- Fixed or dilated pupils
- Ventroflexion of the neck
- Paralysis of the muscles that surround the eye – this can result in limited eye movement
- Constant licking of feet – a result of burning sensation in the foot pads
Treatment of Thiamine Deficiency in Dogs
- Thiamine injections that can last from three days to three weeks – the length of this therapy is going to depend on the severity of the deficiency.
- Changes in Diet – Avoid feeding the dog with raw fish and raw meat. Checking the type of dog food that a dog is getting is important too. Choosing brands that do not use chemical preservatives is ideal.
- Adding Brewer’s Yeast to Meals – Sprinkling a tablespoon of brewer’s yeast, once a day to the dog food can help stimulate the immune system.
Thiamine Supplementation – Liquid or tablet supplement given once a day can keep deficiency from happening.