Thiamine Deficiency In Dogs Treatment: Causes of Vitamin B1 Deficiency

December 31, 2010 | Healthy Dog | Leave a Comment |

What Causes Thiamine Deficiency (Vitamin B1)?

  • Deficient dietary intake of thiamine
  • Eating raw fish – raw fish contains enzymes that impede the absorption of and destroy thiamine into the body. Dogs that commonly eat raw fish are susceptible to this enzyme.
  • Eating Raw Meat – Raw Meat is deficient in thiamine and calcium
  • Eating over processed food
  • Dogs with high amounts of sulfides in their diets – sulfides can impede thiamine absorption
  • Chemicals in Commercial Dog Food – There are certain chemical preservatives found in commercial dog food that can interfere with the absorption of thiamine.
    Also read calcium deficiency in dogs and excess vitamin d in dogs

Diagnostic Tests For Thiamine Deficiency in Dogs

  • Physical exam
  • Medical history
  • Diet History
  • Type of response to thiamine supplementation
  • Also read protein deficiency in dogs

Symptoms of Thiamine Deficiency

  • Muscle Weakness
  • Wobbly Walking (Ataxia)
  • Fixed or dilated pupils
  • Seizures
  • Ventroflexion of the neck
  • Paralysis of the muscles that surround the eye – this can result in limited eye movement
  • Constant licking of feet – a result of burning sensation in the foot pads

Treatment of Thiamine Deficiency in Dogs

  • Thiamine injections that can last from three days to three weeks – the length of this therapy is going to depend on the severity of the deficiency.
  • Changes in Diet – Avoid feeding the dog with raw fish and raw meat. Checking the type of dog food that a dog is getting is important too. Choosing brands that do not use chemical preservatives is ideal.
  • Adding Brewer’s Yeast to Meals – Sprinkling a tablespoon of brewer’s yeast, once a day to the dog food can help stimulate the immune system.

Thiamine Supplementation – Liquid or tablet supplement given once a day can keep deficiency from happening.

Calcium Deficiency In Dogs

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