Vitamin B12 Deficiency In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatments Of Cobalamin

December 31, 2010 | Healthy Dog | Leave a Comment |

What is B12 and Why Is It Necessary?

Treating cobalamin deficiency is necessary to help keep dogs healthy.

  • This a vitamin that is vital in cell production
  • It is necessary in maintaining energy levels
  • Essential in maintaining the integrity of nerve cells ??” helps prevent the loss of the myelin layer
  • Also read iron deficiency in dogs and vitamin b12 deficiency in dogs

Vitamin B 12 is not found in the plant matter, instead, it is found in dairy products and in meats.

The vitamin has also been shown to be helpful in fighting diabetic neuropathy and other problems with the nervous system.

What Causes Low Cobalamin Levels in Dogs?

  • Malabsorption ??” There may be certain factors that impede the proper absorption of the vitamin into the body. This includes parasite and certain issues with the GI tract. Also read causes of vitamin b1 deficiency
  • Malnutrition ??” Deficiency will happen when the dog is given less than the vitamin b12 it needs from diet.
  • Genetic Disorders ??” There may be certain genetic problems that cause dogs to have problems absorbing B12.

Diagnosis for Vitamin B12 Deficiency In Dogs

  • Medical History
  • Physical Examination
  • Diet History
  • Urinalysis
  • Fecalysis  – May be done to determine parasitic presence
  • Complete Blood Count and Blood Chemistry
  • Response to Supplementation ??” If a dog’s symptoms improve with B12 supplementation, it could help to diagnose the condition.

Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Dogs

  • Anorexia ??” Loss of Appetite
  • Depression ??” lack of interest in activities
  • Lethargy
  • Inability to Gain Weight
  • Pernicious Anemia ??” Results from a lack of Vitamin B 12
  • Never Degeneration ??” Can result in seizures and other problems

Treatment of B12 Deficiency

If the deficiency is caused by an underlying condition, this condition will be treated together with the following:

  • Supplementation with Vitamin B12

Changes in Diet to incorporate more foods rich in Cobalamin

Vitamin B12 Deficiency In Dogs
Related Reading:

Canine Genetic Diseases

Management and Prevention Recessive genes are also a causative agent for genetic diseases.

  • Most of the genetic issues faced by dogs usually have something to do with orthopedics, neurology and ocular.
  • There may also be some genetic issues that cause subtle signs in dogs.
  • Dogs may inherit their genetic issues from their mother or father.
  • Not all dogs with genetic diseases are going to exhibit symptoms as some dogs are going to be asymptomatic carriers and only pass the condition to their offspring without suffering from it themselves.

Canine Genetic Disorders

There is a large number of genetic diseases that can affect dogs. Here are some of them:

  • Anemia
  • Cone Degeneration ??” an issue of the ey
  • Acromegaly
  • Amyloidosis
  • Bachydactyly
  • C3 Deficiency
  • Cataract
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Central Core Myopathy
  • Comedo Syndrome
  • Cushing’s Disease
  • Deafness
  • Dwarfism
  • Hemophilia ??” an example where females and carriers and the males are the ones who exhibit symptoms of the disease
  • Hernia
  • Hypertension
  • Immunoglobulin Deficiency
  • Keratitis
  • Nephritis

Screening for Diseases

  • Screening is done to determine if the dog has any chance to develop genetic diseases.
  • It is used by both veterinarians and breeders to determine what possible diseases the dogs has or could have.
  • Treatment for genetic diseases is going to be very individualized since there is a wide range of diseases, no one treatment is prescribed.
  • In some of these conditions (e.g. hypertension), the progress of the disease can be controlled with weight loss, diet restriction and medication.
  • Owners who are planning to get a dog but are concerned about potential genetic diseases it might have, need to consult with their breeder or vet to determine the medical history of the parents.

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